What language do Persians Speak?

I have said in my last post that Persians speak Farsi, but that is a bit of a generalization.  The amount of the language for Iran and the people who live or have lived there is very diverse.  Farsi is the official language of Iran but there many others, like Kurdish or Belushi.  They are they have their own culture with the language, but are very important to Persian history.  We will go over how these three languages have interacted with each other, along with their different cultures but right now we will talk about the difference between Arabic, Farsi, and the history of Farsi.

 

Farsi is the most popular language in Iran as it is the official language of Iran.  There are around 100 million speakers of Farsi worldwide. Farsi is part of a language group called Persian, which refers to Farsi, Dari, and Tajik, which are spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, and Tajikistan.  They are all very similar but they have a few differences.  For example, Farsi and Dari use the Arabic Script

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This is the Arabic Script, although Farsi needed to add a few more letters.

 

While Tajik uses the Cyrillic script, which is also used by most Slavic languages.

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This is the Cyrillic alphabet. It is used in Russian, Tajik, Serbian, Bulgarian, and any other Languages.

Now for a little history.  Farsi has evolved ever since it popped up all the way back in around 500 BCE(BC). It has been a hard journey for the language though.  When the Muslims conquered the Persians, they changed the official language from Middle Farsi to Arabic.  For a few hundred years, people stopped speaking Farsi and the language was almost completely lost. After Persia gained independence from the Muslims, they began to revive the language, culture and Literature.

The language has had three major evolutions, Old Farsi, to Middle Farsi, and is now Modern Farsi.

 

Now how is it different from Arabic?

Arabic is a Semitic language, while Farsi is an Indo-European Language.  This means that Arabic and Hebrew evolved together in the Middle East, while, Farsi’s ancestors migrated over from Europe.  There are also some major differences in grammar and in words.  Farsi’s grammar is very similar to French and Dutch. While Arabic’s grammar is almost unique to Arabic and Hebrew.

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The Green in modern day Iran and Afghanistan is Farsi and Dari, while the purple is Arabic.

The word order of Farsi is SOV (subject-object-verb)  An example of this is, I(subject) new computer(object) bought(verb).

We will now compare a few words and phrase from Arabic and Farsi.

 

Hello (informal)

Arabic:(marhaban) مرحبا

Farsi:(salam) سلام

 

Goodbye(informal)

Arabic:(ma’a as-salāmah) مع السلامة

Farsi:(khoda hafez) خداحافظ

 

Pleased to meet you.

Arabic:(motasharefon bema’refatek) متشرف بمعرفتك

Farsi:(az molaghat-e shomâ khosh vaghtam) از ملاقات شما خوش وقتم

 

Thank You(informal)

Arabic:(shukran) شكرا

Farsi:(mersi) متشكرم

For thank you, you may have noticed that the informal thank you for  Farsi, mersi, is the same as in French, merci.  That is one of the things that separated Farsi from its Persian brothers.  Farsi was influenced by French, Dari was influenced by Pashto(an afghani language) and Tajik was influenced by Russian.

I hope you have a better understanding of how Persians speak and the history of their language after this.

If anyone want some more language posts, please leave a comment below!

!خدا حافظ (Goodbye!)

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